Be it known to all Courts, Governments, and other parties, that I, Me, My self, XXXXX XXX, family of XXXXXXX, as Claimant, am a natural, freeborn Sovereign, without subjects. I am neither subject to any entity anywhere, nor is any entity subject to me. I neither dominate anyone, nor am I dominated.
My authority for this statement is the same as it is for all free Sovereigns everywhere: the age-old, timeless, and universal respect for the intrinsic rights, property, liberties, and responsibilities of the Sovereign Individual.
I am not a “person” when such term is defined in statutes of the United States or statutes of the several States when such definition includes artificial entities. I do not consent to be treated as a Federal or State created entity, which is only capable of exercising certain benefits, privileges, or immunities as specifically granted by Federal or State Corporate GovernMentals.
I voluntarily choose to comply with the man-made rules, which serve to bring harmony to society, but no such rules, nor their uninformed enforcers, have any authority over me. I am not in any so-called ‘jurisdiction,’ for I am not of subject status.
Consistent with the eternal tradition of natural common law, unless I have harmed or violated someone or their property, I have committed no crime; and am therefore not subject to any penalty.
I act in accordance with the following U.S. Supreme Court case:
“The individual may stand upon his [her] constitutional rights as a citizen. He [She] is entitled to carry on his [her] private business in his [her] own way. His [her] power to contract is unlimited. He [she] owes no such duty [to submit his [her] books and papers for an examination] to the State, since he [she] receives nothing therefrom, beyond the protection of her life and property. His [her] rights are such as existed by the law of the land [Common Law] long antecedent to the organization of the State, and can only be taken from him [her] by due process of law, and in accordance with the Constitution. Among his [her] rights are a refusal to incriminate himself [herself], and the immunity of himself [herself] and his [her] property from arrest or seizure except under a warrant of the law. He [she] owes nothing to the public so long as he [she] does not trespass upon their rights.” Hale v. Henkel, 201 U.S. 43 at 47 (1905). [emphasis added].
Thus, be it known to all, I reserve my natural common law right not to be compelled to perform under any contract that I did not enter into knowingly, voluntarily, and intentionally. And furthermore, I do not accept the liability associated with the compelled and pretend “benefit” of any hidden or unrevealed ‘adhesion’ contracts or commercial agreements.
As such, the hidden or unrevealed contracts that supposedly create obligations to perform, for Persons of subject status, are inapplicable to My self; and are null and void. If I have participated in any of the supposed “benefits” associated with these hidden contracts, I have done so under duress, for lack of any other practical alternative. I may have received such “benefits” but I have not accepted them in a manner that binds me to anything.
Any such participation does not constitute “acceptance” in contract law, because of the absence of full disclosure of any valid “offer,” and voluntary consent without misrepresentation or coercion. Without a valid voluntary offer and acceptance, knowingly entered into by both parties, there is no “meeting of the minds,” and therefore no valid contract. Any supposed “contract” is therefore void; ab initio.
From my age of consent to the date affixed below I have never signed a contract knowingly, willingly, intelligently, and voluntarily whereby I have waived any of my natural common law rights, and, as such, Take Notice that I revoke, cancel, and make void ab initio my signature on any and all contracts, agreements, forms, or any instrument which may be construed in any way to give any agency or department of any Federal or State Government, authority, venue, or jurisdiction over me.
This position is in accordance with the U.S. Supreme Court decision of Brady v. U.S., 379 U.S. 742 at 748 (1970):
“Waivers of Constitutional Rights not only must be voluntary, they must be knowingly intelligent acts, done with sufficient awareness of the relevant circumstances and consequences.”
Examples of compelled and pretend “benefits” are:
- The use of Federal Reserve Notes to discharge my debts. I have used these only because in America there is no other widely recognized exchange for purchases.
- My use of a bank account -is due to the absence of a bank not associated with the Federal Reserve System. In general, people have been prevented from issuing their own-represented currency, and such prevention is in violation of the Constitution for the united States of America. Were there an alternative, I would be happy to use it.
- The use of a Social Security number. The number normally assigned to persons of subject status, I use exceptionally, under duress, only because of the inconvenience of operating without one, as it is requested by many Corporate Government agencies and businesses. Let it be known that I use the Social Security number assigned to me for information only.
- As a free Sovereign, there is no legal or lawful requirement for me to have a State-owned Driver’s license for traveling. Technically, the unrevealed Legal purpose of a Driver’s license is commercial in nature. Since I don’t carry passengers for hire, there is no law requiring me to have a license to travel for my own pleasure and that of my family and friends.
- Plates on my transportation carriage(s). Technically, my ‘car’ does not fit the legal definition of a “motor vehicle,” which is used for commercial purposes. I do not have State issued plates on any of my transportation.
- Past Tax Returns filed. Any tax returns I may have filed in the past, were filed due to the dishonest atmosphere of fear and intimidation created by the I.R.S. (Imaginary Revenue Scam) and the local Assessors’ office; NOT because there is any law requiring me to do so. Once I discovered that the IRS and other Tax agencies have been misinforming the public, I have felt it is my responsible duty to society to terminate my voluntary participation. Because such returns were filed under Threat, Duress, and Coercion (TDC), and no two-way contract was ever signed with full disclosure, there is nothing in any past filing of IRS returns or payments that created any valid contract. Therefore, no lawful obligation on my part was ever created.
- Birth Certificate. The fact that a birth certificate was granted to me by a local hospital or Government agency when I entered this World, is irrelevant to my Sovereignty. No status, high or low, can be assigned to someone through a piece of paper, without the recipient’s full knowledge and consent. Therefore, such a piece of paper provides date and place information only. It indicates nothing about ‘Court’ jurisdiction, nothing about property ownership, nothing about rights, and nothing about subject status. The only documents that can have any legal or lawful meaning, as it concerns my status in society, are those that I have signed as an adult, with full knowledge and consent, free from misrepresentation or coercion of any kind.
- Marriage License. The acquisition of a marriage license is now being revealed as being necessary only for slaves. The act of a Sovereign, such as myself, obtaining such a license, through social custom and ignorance of law, has no effect in changing my status. This is because any such change in status, if any may be supposed to occur, could happen only through a hidden and unrevealed contract or statute. Since no hidden, unrevealed, and undisclosed information, if it exists, can be lawfully held to be binding; it is null and void.
- Public School Indoctrination. The attendance of my daughters and/or son in Government-supported “Public” schools or Government-controlled “private” schools does not create any tax obligation for me, nor any other lawful obligation, because I never signed a contract agreeing to such obligation for the supposed “privilege” of Public school attendance. When my offspring have attended Government supported “Public” or controlled “private” schools, such was done under duress and not out of free will. Be it known that I regard “compulsory State education” as a violation of the Thirteenth Article in the Bill of Rights:
“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to Their jurisdiction.”
- Declaration of Citizen-ship. Any document I may have ever signed, in which I answered “yes” to the question, “Are you a U.S. citizen?” – cannot be used to compromise my status as a Sovereign, nor obligate me to perform in any manner. This is because without full written disclosure of the definition and consequences of such supposed “citizenship,” provided in a document bearing my signature given freely without misrepresentation or coercion; there can be no lawfully binding contract.
I am not a “United States” Citizen, subject to Federal-made Rules. The United States is an entity created by the Constitution with delegated authority as described on the following pages of this Declaration. I am not a “resident of,” an “inhabitant of,” a “franchise of,” a “subject of,” a “ward of,” the “property of,” the “chattel of,” or “subject to the jurisdiction of” any Corporate Federal Government, Corporate State Government, Corporate County Government, Corporate City Government, or Corporate Municipal body politic. I am not subject to any legislation, department, or agency created by such authorities, nor to the jurisdiction of any employees, officers, or agents deriving their authority therefrom. Further, I am not a subject of the Administrative and Legislative Article IV Courts of the several States, or Article I Courts of the United States, or bound by precedents of such Courts -deriving their Opinions from said authorities. Take Notice that I hereby revoke, cancel, and make void ab initio any such instrument or any presumed election made by any of the several States or the United States Government or any agency or department thereof, that I am or ever have voluntary elected to be treated as a United States Citizen, subject to its jurisdiction or a ‘resident’ of any territory, possession, instrumentality or enclave under the sovereignty or exclusive jurisdiction of any of the several States or of the United States as defined in the Constitution in Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 and Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2.
- Past voter registration. Since no obligation to perform in any manner was ever revealed in print, as part of the requirements for the supposed “privilege” to vote for Government officials, any such registration on my part cannot be lawful evidence of any obligation to perform. Likewise, I have granted NO jurisdiction over me, to any political office. It is my inherent right to vote on elections or issues that I feel affect all of society; NOT because I need anyone to rule over me. On the contrary – I have used the voting process only to instruct my public servants what an American national Sovereign would like done.
- Use of a Zip Code and/or My use of a two-letter State Code -in my “address,” which is secretly codified to indicate a United States “Federal Zone,” has no effect whatsoever on my Sovereign status. Simply by receiving or sending “mail” through a quasi-federal messenger service, the postal service, at a location indicated with a two-letter State Code and Zip Code, cannot place me under Federal authority or obligation. I use these Codes only for the purpose of information and making it easier for the U.S. Postal Service to deliver my mail.
- Use of semantics. Some Persons, masquerading as “Government” employees are immature with mental imbalances, such as the craving to dominate other people. Just because they alter definitions of words in their Legal books to their supposed advantage, doesn’t mean I accept those definitions. The fact that They define the words “person,” “address,” “mail,” “resident,” “motor vehicle,” “driving,” “passenger,” “employee,” “income,” and many others, in ways different from the common usage, so as to be associated with a subject or slave status, means nothing in real life.
Because the ‘Courts’ have become entangled in the game of semantics, be it known to all ‘Courts’ and all parties, that if I have ever signed any document or spoken any words on record, using words defined by twists in the Legal books different from the common usage, there can be no effect whatsoever on my Sovereign status in society thereby, nor can there be created any obligation to perform in any manner, by the mere use of such words. Where the meaning in the common dictionary differs from the meaning in the Legal, aka Law dictionaries; it is the meaning in the common dictionary that prevails, because it is more trustworthy.
My use of such alleged “benefits” is under duress only, and is with full reservation of all my common law rights. I have waived none of my rights and liberties by my use thereof. My use of compelled “benefits” may be temporary until better alternatives become available and widely recognized.
It is further relevant to this DECLARATION that any violation of my Rights, Liberties, or Property by the U.S. Federal Government, or any agent thereof, would be illegal and unlawful, clearly outside the limited boundaries of Federal jurisdiction. My understanding is that Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 of the Constitution defines the jurisdiction of the U.S. Federal Government:
“The Congress shall have the power . . . To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (NOT EXCEEDING TEN MILES SQUARE) as may, by cession of particular states and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States, [District of Columbia] and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock yards and other needful Buildings; And – To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers…” [emphasis added]
And Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2:
“The Congress shall have the Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.”
The definition of the “United States” being used here, then, is limited to its territories:
1) The District of Columbia 5) American Samoa
2) Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 6) Northern Mariana Islands
3) U.S. Virgin Islands 7) Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
4) Guam 8) Military bases w/in the several States
9) Fed. Agencies w/in the several States
It does not include the several States themselves, as is confirmed by the following cites:
“We have in our political system a Government of the United States and a Government of each of the several States. Each one of these Governments is distinct from the others, and each has citizens of its own who owe it allegiance, and whose rights, within its jurisdiction, it must protect. The same person may be at the same time a Citizen of the United States and a citizen of a State, but his rights of citizenship under one of these Governments will be different from those he has under the other.” Slaughter House Cases United States vs. Cruickshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875).
“THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IS A FOREIGN CORPORATION WITH RESPECT TO A STATE.” [emphasis added] Volume 20: Corpus Juris Sec. §1785: NY re: Merriam 36 N.E. 505 1441 S.Ct.1973, 41 L.Ed.287.
This is further confirmed by the following from an I. R. S Code:
Federal jurisdiction “includes” the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa.” – Internal Revenue Code Section 312(e). [emphasis added]
In Legal terminology, the word “includes” means “is limited to.”
When referring to this “District” United States, the Internal Revenue Code uses the term “WITHIN” the United States. When referring to the several States, the Internal Revenue Code uses the term “WITHOUT” the United States.
Dozens, perhaps hundreds, of Court cases prove that Federal authority is limited to the few Federal territory areas above indicated. For example, in two Supreme Court cases, it was decided:
“The laws of Congress in respect to those matters do not extend into the territorial limits of the states, but have force only in the District of Columbia, and other places that are within the exclusive jurisdiction of the national government,” Caha v. United States, 152 U.S., at 215.
“We think a proper examination of this subject will show that the United States never held any municipal sovereignty, jurisdiction, or right of soil in and to the territory, of which Alabama or any of the new States were formed…”
“[B]ecause, the United States have no constitutional capacity to exercise municipal jurisdiction, sovereignty, or eminent domain, within the limits of a State or elsewhere, except in the cases in which it is expressly granted…”
“Alabama is therefore entitled to the sovereignty and jurisdiction over all the territory within her limits, subject to the common law,” Pollard v. Hagan, 44 U.S. 221, 223, 228, 229.
Likewise, Title 18 of the United States Code at §7 specifies that the “territorial jurisdiction” of the United States extends only outside the boundaries of lands belonging to any of the several States.
Therefore, in addition to the fact that no unrevealed Federal contract can obligate me to perform in any manner without my fully informed and un-coerced consent, likewise, no Federal statutes or regulations apply to me or have any jurisdiction over me. I hereby affirm that I do not ‘reside’ or work in any Federal territory of the “District” United States, and that therefore no U.S. Federal Government dead-man’s statutes or regulations have any authority over me.
POWERS AND CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS OF UNITED STATES AND STATE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
All United States and State Government officials are hereby put on Notice that I expect them to have recorded valid Oaths of Office in accordance with the Constitution, Article VI:
“The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution…”
I understand that by their Oaths of Office all Federal and State Government officials are contractually bound by the Constitution for the United States of America as formulated by its framers, and not as “interpreted,” subverted, or corrupted by any Courts and/or State Union BAR members that owe their allegiance to a foreign jurisdiction.
According to the Ninth Article in the Bill of Rights:
“The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”
And the Tenth Article in the Bill of Rights:
“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.”
Thus, my knowledge of these Articles in the Bill of Rights, that the expressing of the people’s power delegated to all U.S. Federal and State Government officials, are limited to those specifically granted by the Constitution for the United States of America.
I further overstand that any codes, statutes, ordinances, regulations, rules, and procedures contrary to the Constitution, as written by its framers, are null and void, as expressed in the Sixteenth American Jurisprudence Second Edition, Section 177:
“The general misconception is that any statute passed by Legislators bearing the appearance of law constitutes the law of the land. The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and any statute, to be valid, must be in agreement. It is impossible for both the Constitution and a law violating it to be valid; one must prevail.” This is succinctly stated as follows:
‘The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law, but is wholly void, and ineffective for any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment, and not merely from the date of the decision so branding it. An unconstitutional law, in Legal contemplation, is as inoperative as if it had never been passed. Such a statute leaves the question that it purports to settle just as it would be had the statute not been enacted.’
‘Since an unconstitutional law is void, the general principles follow that it imposes no duties, confers no right, creates no office, bestows no power or authority on anyone, affords no protection, and justifies no acts performed under it…’
‘A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing valid law. Indeed, insofar as a statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, it is superseded thereby.’
‘No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law and no courts are bound to enforce it.’ [emphasis added]
And as expressed once again in the Constitution, Article VI:
“This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.”
All U.S. and State Government officials are therefore hereby put on NOTICE that any violations of their contractual obligations to act in accordance with their Constitution, may result in prosecution to the full extent of the law, as well as the application of all available Legal remedies to recover damages suffered by any parties damaged by any actions of Federal and State Government officials in violation of the law of the land.
REVOCATION OF POWER OF ATTORNEY
Furthermore, I hereby revoke, rescind, and make void ab initio; all powers of attorney, in fact or otherwise, implied in law or otherwise, signed either by me or anyone else, as it pertains to the Social Security number assigned to me, as it pertains to my birth certificate, marriage or business license, or any other licenses or certificates issued by any and all Government or quasi-governmental entities, due to the use of various elements of fraud by said agencies to attempt to deprive me of my Sovereignty and/or property.
I do hereby revoke and rescind all powers of attorney; in fact or otherwise, signed by me or otherwise, implied in law or otherwise, with or without my consent or knowledge; as it pertains to any and all property, real or personal, corporeal or incorporeal, obtained in the past, present, or future. I am the sole and absolute lawful owner and possess Legal allodial title and lawful title to any and all such property.
Take Notice that I also revoke, cancel, and make void ab initio all powers of attorney; in fact, in presumption, or otherwise, signed either by me or anyone else, claiming to act on my behalf, with or without my consent, as such power of attorney pertains to me or any property owned by me, but not limited to; any and all ‘color of law’ Public Corporate Governmental entities, on the grounds of constructive fraud, concealment, and nondisclosure of pertinent facts.
I affirm that all of the foregoing is true and correct. I affirm that I am of lawful age and am competent in making this Declaration. I hereby affix my own signature to all that this Declaration claims in this entire document, with explicit reservation of all my unalienable rights and my specific common law rights and liberties, not to be bound by any contract or obligation which I have not entered into knowingly, willingly, voluntarily, and without misrepresentation, duress, or coercion.
The use of a Notary Public does NOT grant any authority to anyone.
FURTHER CLAIMANT SAYETH NAUGHT
Date: ____________________ _____________________________________
XXXXX XXX: XXXXXXX, Pro solido Proceeding Sui juris